2019 Ethiopia Population 112,313,000

Ethiopia Population  112,313,000- 
World Population Prospects (2019 Revision)
2019  Ethiopia Population 112,313,000 1With one of the highest poverty levels in the world, Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world. But within its African boundaries lies a nation filled with a rich culture and heritage. Bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia, Ethiopia has an estimated 2019 population of 112.08 million, which ranks 12th in the world.

With a 2019 population of approximately 112.08 million, up from 2015’s estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. The most recent census in 2007 found an official population of 73.7 million.

Ethiopia Area and Population Density

The surface area in Ethiopia is currently at 1,104,300 km² (or 426,372.6137 miles square). Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per square mile (214/square mile), which ranks 123rd in the world.

Largest Cities in Ethiopia

The largest city and capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa, or Addis Abeba, which has an estimated population of 3.6 million in the city proper and a metro population of more than 4.6 million. Being as old as two millenniums, its cultures and traditions hold family as a significant part of Ethiopian life, sometimes even surpassing the significance their careers or businesses might have.

Other major cities include Adama (324,000), Gondar (324,000), Mek’ele (324,000), Hawassa (302,000), Nazret 213,995,  Bahir Dar 168,899, Gondar 153,914 and Dese 136,056

Ethiopia Demographics

Ethiopia is home to various ethnicities, predominantly the Oromo at 34.4% of the country’s population and the Amhara, who account for 27% of the population. Other major ethnic groups include the Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welayta (2.3%), Afar (1.7%), Hadiya (1.7%), and Gamo (1.5%).

In 2009, Ethiopia had an estimated 135,000 asylum seekers and refugees, mostly from Somalia (64,000), Eritrea (42,000) and Sudan (23,000). The government requires refugees to live in designated refugee camps. According to a 2013 report, the number of refugees hosted by Ethiopia has grown to 680,000.

Ethiopia Religion, Economy and Politics

Ethiopia has close ties with all three major Abrahamic religions, and it was the first in the region to officially adopt Christianity in the 4th century. Christians account for 63% of the country’s population,with 44% belonging to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Ethiopia has the first Hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement on the continent. Muslims account for 34% of the population.

Despite its wealth in culture, Ethiopia, unfortunately, does not suffer the same fate economically. With a significantly agriculture-based economy, it is not surprising that in today’s technologically thriving world, Ethiopia has one of the lowest incomes per capita. Its reliance on domestic investment restricts foreign investment, which could otherwise account for a comparatively successful economy. However, improvement in agricultural practices has shown a decrease in the level of starvation that the country had been previously accustomed to. The GDP is also increasing, showing a 7% increase in 2014. The composition of the labor force is almost 40%, accounting for another step toward progress. However, only if the conditions of the average Ethiopian get better will the country be able to witness a better tomorrow.

The median age in Ethiopia is approximately 17.9 years of age. 60% of the population in Ethiopia is under the age of 25.

In terms of access to clean drinking water and sanitation, the numbers are still quite grim in this country. According to the World Factbook, only 57% of the country has improved access to clean drinking water, while 42% still struggle to find clean water. Only 28% of the population has access to improved sanitation services, while 72% struggle to maintain sanitation. This likely contributes greatly to the very high degree of risk with transmittable diseases and illnesses in the area.

Only 49% of the population over 15 years of age is literate and many children only attend school for 8 or 9 years.

Ethiopia Population History

The conditions of poverty entail deterioration in health for many of Ethiopia’s inhabitants. The most common diseases that cause mortality among many Ethiopians are AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and various communicable diseases that occur due to improper sanitation and malnutrition. Most women give birth to children outside of the vicinity of hospitals. Often the mothers are only attended to by an elderly midwife. The mortality rate of mothers while giving birth is high. Various organizations, governmental and non-governmental, seek to improve the deplorable health conditions in Ethiopia. The World Health Organization is working to initiate a healthy Ethiopia. Low literacy levels also support the inferior health conditions. Therefore, it is important to provide the Ethiopians with adequate knowledge regarding common diseases and their appropriate medication and cure. The empowerment of women could also help achieve improvements in the circumstances pertaining to the well-being of Ethiopians.

Ethiopia is a nation that has been beset by hunger and poverty for most of its long history. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. It is the responsibility of all members of the peaceful international community to step in with more rigor and determination to empower the Ethiopians. This population has proven to be one of the strongest on the face of the earth, having endured massive hardships. If it is given a little assistance, Ethiopia will be able to build on the strength of its inhabitants in order to increase the strength of the nation itself.

Ethiopia Population Projections

Ethiopia is currently one of the fastest growing countries in the world, with a growth rate of 3.02% per year. If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth, its population will double in the next 30 years, hitting 210 million by 2060. Most of the world’s population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 seconds
One death every 44 seconds
One net migrant every 24 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 seconds

Ethiopia Population in 2018Source: By Nani senay at en.wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Ethiopia Population Pyramid 2019

500,0001,000,0001,500,000 Ethiopia Male Population 500,0001,000,0001,500,000 Ethiopia Female Population10095908580757065605550454035302520151050

Ethiopia Population by Age

There are 59,062,752 adults in Ethiopia.

Census Years

Year Date
2017 November 2017
2007 7 June 2007
1994 11 October 1994
Ethiopia Population Growth

If Ethiopia follows its current rate of growth (3.02%), its population will double in the next 20 years and cross 188 million by 2050. Most of the world’s population growth in the next 40-50 years is expected to come from Africa, and Ethiopia will be a large part of the growth.

Ethiopia Population Growth

Source: World Population Prospects (2019 Revision)
Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Languages Spoken Amharic
Is Landlocked Yes
Latitude/Longitude 838
Currencies Used Ethiopia Birr
Demonym Ethiopian

About Ethiopia / Countries Bordering Ethiopia

South Sudan
Countries Bordering Ethiopia

Ethiopia Population Density Map

Name Population  Location
Addis Ababa 2,757,729 Map
Dire Dawa 252,279 Map
Mek’ele 215,546 Map
Nazret 213,995 Map
Bahir Dar 168,899 Map
Gondar 153,914 Map
Dese 136,056 Map
Hawassa 133,097 Map
Jimma 128,306 Map
Bishoftu 104,215 Map
Kombolcha 93,605 Map
Harar 90,218 Map
Sodo 86,050 Map
Shashemene 85,871 Map
Hosa’ina 75,963 Map
Arba Minch 69,622 Map
Adigrat 65,000 Map
Debre Mark’os 59,920 Map
Debre Birhan 57,787 Map
Jijiga 56,821 Map


  1. It will not be a surprise as population of Ethiopia reaches more than 112 million as no adequate family planning controlling system is done by such government offices. Probably this will be one of the worst scenario in the world as there is a paradox between population growth and people living in absolute poverty.
    Ethiopia is not as such a country who lacks expertise and scholars at least to forecast what would be the end result of this population growth. However, ignorance of government offices are the reason for such population growth. Maybe everyone is aware of Malthusian theory about population growth; as population growth Geometrically where as food production growth Arithmetically.

    This is what is happening in Ethiopia unless we do a radical police change. Government has to take China experiences and consider that population is one of a factor for growth of a country. Specially government offices & donor organizations who are in-charge of such a mess & chaos shall do their job properly and cultivate such human resources to change.

    May God bless all.
    Long live to Ethiopia!!


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